The New Food Pyramid & Seasonal Pyramids

Some foods, we can eat often, while others we should eat more rarely if we want to reduce our environmental impact. At the base of the New Food Pyramid are foods that we can eat every day, such as Swedish legumes, root vegetables and cereals. Swedish meat and other animal products as well as imported food are supplemented by a couple, three times a week. At the top there are foods that we should only eat very rarely, as they have large carbon footprint.

Different conditions in production of food makes the content of the pyramid vary over the year.

Spring and early summer

The most difficult time, as there is not much left of last year's harvest. Dry products such as legumes and cereals of various kinds are an important base. Eventually, fresh potatoes and early vegetables arrive, and this is also the best time for mackerel, a fish sort that is one of the better to eat.


The time of riches. Now there is everything, for example tomatoes, cucumber and squash, fresh peas and beans, broccoli, cauliflower, root vegetables and great variation of leafy greens. Berries and mushrooms can be found in the forests. We can revel in everything fresh and it is now we can make inlays to the abundance both from the forest and the fields.


The time of the rich dawns. The salad vegetables have run out, but we have plenty of root vegetables, different varieties of cabbages, leeks and pumpkins. Local fruit is available until Christmas. Meanwhile, it is the time of hunting and slaughtering. There is an abundance of game meat and lamb, stews of meat and vegetables belong to this time.


The time for root vegetables. Now we collect vegetables from the cold cellar. The base of the diet becomes root vegetables, cabbage and onion, as well as cereals and beans and peas. Grow something fresh like sprouts and shoots of legumes and other seeds, these are good alternatives. Supplement with pickled and preserved products.

Helena Nordlund

Project manager, MatLust
Tel: + 46 08 523 071 23

Sara Jervfors

Head of project, MatLust & Head of Diet Units in Södertälje municipality and Gnesta municipality
Tel: +46 08 523 064 66

Latest update: 22 April 2021
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Diet for a Green Planet is a concept by Södertälje kommun via the project MatLust